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大学体验英语练习试题  

2011-03-07 20:42:42|  分类: 关于教学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Part I  Listening Comprehension  (20%)

Section A  (10%)

Directions: In this section, you will hear ten short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

1.    A) At 8:45.                  B) At 9:15.                  C) At 10:00.                D) At 10:30.

2.    A) She will drive to the conference by herself.

B) She will take a taxi to the conference.

C) The man will drive her to the conference.

D) Jim will give her a ride to the conference.

3.    A) In a department store.                               B) In a warehouse.

C) In a courthouse.                                       D) In an office building.

4.    A) Phone the electricity company.                  B) Pay several bills.

C) Pay the rent and phone bills.                      D) Pay the phone and electricity bills.

5.    A) The price of a ticket.                                B) The departure time for New York.

C) The number of flights.                              D) The flying time of a flight.

6.    A) Tom.                     B) Karen.                    C) Tom’s sister.          D) No one.

7.    A) $5.50.                    B) $11.00.                  C) $16.50.                  D) $22.00.

8.    A) Raising children.                                      B) Giving advice on children.

C) Applying for a job.                                    D) Talking about her family.

9.    A) Customer and waitress.                            B) Patient and nurse.

C) Traveler and stewardess.                          D) Manager and secretary.

10.   A) He is glad to wait for one more hour.          B) He has waited her for two hours.

C) He has forgiven the woman.                      D) He is not in a pleasant mood.

 

Section B  (10%)

Directions: In this section you will hear a short passage and a conversation. At the end of the passage and the conversation, you will hear some questions. The passage, conversation and questions will be spoken only once. After you hear one question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Questions 11 to 12 are based on the passage you have just heard.

11.   A) One.                      B) Two.                     C) Three.                   D) Four.

12.   A) He couldn’t pay for the drinks.                  B) He lost his money.

       C) He was drunk.                                         D) He was in trouble.

Questions 13 to 15 are based on the passage you have just heard.

13.   A) Manager and assistant.                              B) Employer and employee.

C) Teacher and student.                                D) Interviewer and interviewee.

14.   A) He is a teacher.                                        B) He is an accountant.

C) He is an officer.                                       D) He is a manager.

15.   A) Drawing.                                                 B) Enjoying jazz and music.

C) Reading.                                                  D) Traveling.

 

Part II  Reading Comprehension  (40%)

Directions: There are four passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them, there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Passage One

Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage.

After graduating from the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School, Einstein held several teaching jobs and became a technical assistant in the Swiss Patent Office in Bern, where he remained for six years. The job’s great advantage, he later said, was that it gave him time to think about physics.

Between 1901 and 1904, Einstein published five papers on physics. In one paper he virtually proved the existence of molecules, solely by the use of theory; in another, he showed that light is both a wave and a particle. In his sixth paper published in the summer of 1905, he established the outline of his theory of relativity. His arguments radically revised existing concepts of electromagnetism, light, and the behavior of moving bodies as set forth in Newtonian physics. Einstein argued that the speed of light is constant and that nothing in the universe can travel faster than light. If the velocity of light is constant, then all motion and even time itself must be relative to it. If objects could approach the speed of light, their age, mass, and size would appear very different to a stationary observer than if the objects were moving at slower speeds. A clock nearing the speed of light would slow down; if it reached the speed of light, time would stand still. Many of his contentions have been confirmed by subsequent experiments. Atomic clocks in spacecraft orbiting the earth, for example, run a fraction of a second more slowly than clocks on earth.

16.   Einstein spent much time on physics when he ______.

A) was writing his graduation paper

B) taught at the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School

C) worked for the Swiss Patent Office

D) was trying to prove the existence of molecules

17.   According to the passage, Einstein proved the existence of molecules through ______.

A) the employment of theory                         B) the conduct of experiment

C) the evidence of light                                                                  D) the research on relativity

18.   Einstein’s theory of relativity was basically established on ______.

A) the behavior of moving bodies                   B) the speed of light in the universe

C) the revision of Newtonian physics              D) the concepts of electromagnetism and light

19.   According to Einstein, the age, mass and size of an object would appear different to a stationary observer if ______.

A) it traveled about the speed of light              B) it traveled faster than light

C) it traveled as constantly as light                  D) it traveled along with light

20.   The word “contention” (in the second last sentence) is closest in meaning to ______.

A) a proven theory                                        B) a viewpoint in argument

C) a published paper                                     D) a conclusion from experiment

 

Passage Two

Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:

I shudder (不寒而栗) as I remember my high school geometry class. It was something I just didn’t get. I never understood how one point could be in both a line and an angle ? one turns, one goes straight.

Now I get it. My 33rd birthday was such a point.

Three days after my 33rd birthday, I made the phone call to the University of Phoenix to apply for an on-line degree program. Three weeks later I started my first class.

At first, my classmates made me nervous. They held management positions. I thought I was out of my league and would have to struggle to keep up with them. I was wrong.

In a traditional classroom, several people typically command the flow of conversation. These people might be intelligent, have forceful personalities or very strong ideas about the subject. Quite often, the rest of the class remains silent unless called upon. One reason is because while we are formulating a response in our minds, the conversation continues to move on. The moment is lost and we’ve kept our insight or questions to ourselves.

The on-line classroom is different. Every student has an equal opportunity to submit ideas, comments and questions. We can write, revise, revise, revise and then send it to the class. It is never too late to make a point, clarify one or refute (反驳) one. Everyone contributes.

My formal on-line education ended in June 1998 when I received a Bachelor’s Degree in Business Management.

Now I know that point can be part of either a line or an angle. It’s called a turning point. When you reach one, you choose whether to continue on the path you are taking, or to make a change that will take you off in a new direction.

21.   The author starts and ends the passage by talking about point, line and angle to indicate ______.

       A) what difficulties he had with the geometry class

       B) what a poor student he was at high school

       C) how confused he felt about these concepts

       D) how his life changed after his on-line learning

22.   At the beginning of the class, the author had a wrong idea that ______.

       A) his classmates were more intelligent than he

       B) his classmates held management positions

       C) he had to join the same league with his classmates

       D) he chose the wrong class for his on-line program

23.   Which of the following is TRUE about the traditional class?

       A) Most students are slow to catch up the conversation.

       B) Most students made responses to the conversation.

       C) Only a few students keep their ideas to themselves.

       D) Only a few students remain silent unless called upon.

24.   According to the author, the on-line classroom is different from the traditional one as ______.

       A) every student writes instead of speaking     B) every student takes turns to make comments

       C) every student contributes to discussion       D) every student is nervous about their studies

25.   According to the last paragraph, a turning point in an angle may ______.

       A) enable you to continue with your present career

       B) lead you to a new career in a different field

       C) bring you a Bachelor’s Degree through an on-line program

       D) enrich you with the knowledge of geometry

Passage Three

Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:

The world has heard much about how the burning of fossil fuels causes the greenhouse effect, but little about how the burning of tropical rain forests also contributes to the greenhouse effect. And still less do we hear about how reforestation of these tropics could help heal an ailing world.

The earth constantly maintains 700 billion metric tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere. Fossil fuels emit another 5.2 billion metric tons of CO2 into the air each year, while the burning of tropical forests emits roughly 1.8 billion metric tons of CO2 — both contributing to a buildup of carbon dioxide, although only about half accumulates in the skies while the rest disappears into oceans and lakes, vegetation and soil.

Replanting trees in the tropics could eventually offer a solution to the greenhouse effect. One acre of a tropical plantation can absorb an annual average of four metric tons of atmospheric carbon. In order to soak up 1 billion metric tons of CO2, we would have to plant 400,000 square miles of new tropical forests. Plant enough trees and we could remove much of the additional CO2 building up in the atmosphere. Nowhere in the world are conditions better for growing trees than in the tropics, where year-round warmth and moisture encourage rapid growth. To start a grand-scale tree-growing project in the tropics, however, would require as many as 20 governments in Latin America, Africa, and Asia to stop the rapid destruction of rain forests.

Reforesting the earth is not the definitive solution to the warming trend of the greenhouse effect. It is only one way to bring the rising levels of carbon in the atmosphere under control. A worldwide campaign to reforest the earth, however, will improve the quality of our lives, stabilize rising temperatures, and buy time until we find additional solutions to the greenhouse effect.

26.   The main purpose of this passage is to arouse our attention on ______.

A) the burning of tropical rain forests             B) the reforestation of the tropics

C) the burning of fossil fuels                          D) the rising amount of CO2 in the atmosphere

27.   The buildup of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere each year is ______.

A) 7 billion metric tons                                  B) 5.2 billion metric tons

C) 1.8 billion metric tons                               D) 3.5 billion metric tons

28.   The phrase “soak up” (line 3, para. 3) is closest in meaning to ______.

A) absorb                   B) remove                  C) wet                       D) emit

29.   The author favors the tropics for the tree-growing project because of ______.

A) the cooperation of 20 governments            B) the rapid buildup of CO2 there

C) the best growing conditions                       D) the destruction of rain forests

30.   According to the author, a worldwide campaign to reforest the earth will ______.

A) help to reduce the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere

B) be effective in removing the greenhouse effect

C) offer a solution to the warming up of tropical areas

D) stop the warming trend of the greenhouse effect

Passage Four

Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:

Millions of kids around the world dream of becoming the next Bill Gates, the genius who made good by foreseeing the digital future and creating one of the world’s most successful companies around it. The Microsoft chairman seems to have gone beyond the software industry to become a cultural symbol that young minds find irresistible.

But who is a hero to Bill Gates? Who does he look up to?

In a column that he writes for The New York Times Special Features, Gates has identified individuals he respects and admires, “individuals who achieve something inspirational (有灵感的) or who possess extraordinary character.” Of these, one name comes up more often than others: the late great Nobel prize-winning physicist Richard Feynman.

Feynman was a hero because, as Gates put it, “he was incredibly inspirational. He was an independent thinker and gifted teacher who pushed himself to understand new things. I have enjoyed everything I’ve read about him and by him. I admired him deeply…”

Feynman had become everyone’s favorite physicist. He captured the public imagination as no other physicists before him. The Feynman Lectures on Physics, a set of lectures Feynman gave to the students at Caltech, is now a classic. Feynman’s fame grew when he was appointed to a special commission in 1986 to investigate the Challenger shuttle explosion. His dramatic demonstration on television, in front of millions of viewers, of the loss of resiliency (弹性) in the O-ring at freezing temperature as a principal cause of the Challenger accident made him a national celebrity.

Gates never met Feynman but it is fascinating to imagine a meeting between the two. Here is the wide-eyed pupil, wondering at the master’s capability with ideas and insights, wondering at the source of that magical genius that’s uniquely Feynman’s.

31.   Bill Gates is admired by millions of young people because ______.

A) he established the Microsoft Corporation    B) he is the symbolic figure of success

C) he successfully foresaw the future             D) he has dominated the software industry

32.   While admired by millions, Bill Gates looks up to ______.

A) inspirational people                                   B) Nobel prize-winners

C) identified individuals                                 D) gifted scientists

33.   Richard Feynman became a nationwide popular physicist for ______.

A) his appointment in a special commission

B) his ability to capture the public imagination

C) his demonstration on the cause of the Challenger accident

D) his classic work of The Feynman Lectures on Physics

34.   Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

A) A part of the Challenger shuttle failed to function at freezing temperature.

B) When Bill met Feynman, he was amazed by the master’s magical genius.

C) Feynman’s lectures at Caltech won him the Nobel Prize on physics.

D) Bill Gates was impressed by Feynman’s lectures when he was a pupil.

35.   Which of the following could serve as the best title of this passage?

A) The Influence of Feynman on Bill Gates.    B) Successful People.

C) The Accident of the Challenger.                D) The Great Genius Feynman.

 

Part III  Vocabulary  (15%)

Directions: Choose the one that is closest in meaning to the underlined part in the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

36.   Culture shock is a state of puzzle an individual often experiences when he is suddenly exposed to a different social environment.

A) anger                     B) bewilderment          C) surprise                 D) astonishment

37.   From the letters on the players’ shirts we know the football team is sponsored by Sony.

A) supported               B) trained                   C) employed               D) advertised

38.   The students hesitate to ask questions because they don’t want to lose their face in showing their lack of knowledge in front of the class.

A) ignorance               B) unawareness           C) suspicion               D) simplicity

39.   She never feels comfortable talking about her broken marriage in public, but the reporters frequently bring it up during interviews.

A) come up with it       B) suggest it               C) raise it                   D) discuss it

40.   Scientists predict that a significant proportion of the living species will disappear permanently from the earth.

A) considerate             B) crucial                   C) large                      D) important

41.   Despite of a cloud of controversy, online music files are still available for downloading on many web sites.

A) agreement              B) dispute                   C) doubt                     D) approval

42.   Many MP3 players resemble portable radios, headphones, large pens or even watches.

A) look like                 B) look forward to       C) look into                D) look down on

43.   The release of Microsoft Windows XP operating system didn’t arouse the public interest as much as expected.

A) display                   B) publication              C) sale                       D) production

44.   Children of medical workers on the front line of the fight against SARS will enjoy priority in the college enrollment.

A) popularity               B) preference              C) advantage               D) opportunity

45.   Because of the pressure of work, some people lower the standards of or even neglect their family life.

A) give up                   B) ignore                    C) reduce                   D) compromise

46.   The rock paintings in France that date back 15,000 years were discovered by two boys who were looking for shelter from the rain.

A) protection               B) guard                     C) cover                     D) treasure

47.   The ultimate decision of the Intel Corporation to build a factory in Chengdu was known to public last week.

A) extreme                  B) original                   C) last                        D) final

48.   Commodity prices can be a useful indicator of inflation, the economist claimed.

A) sign                       B) symbol                   C) meter                     D) factor

49.   A suspect can not be assumed guilty before he is proved to be so with evidence.

A) claimed                  B) supposed                C) sentenced               D) judged

50.   Control your anger and reduce swearing, or you will be an irrational person.

A) impolite                  B) sensible                  C) impatient                D) unreasonable

51.   The article said that children exposed to smoke are more likely to be sick.

A) displayed with         B) suffered from         C) shown to               D) visible to

52.   With the help of the Internet, he finally managed to track down the book he wanted.

A) follow                    B) record                    C) take note of            D) find

53.   After three years’ appeal, she was finally able to obtain legal possession of the house.

A) come over              B) come around          C) come by                D) come off

54.   The waste disposal industry found it difficult to assure the public of the safety of its operation.

A) persuade                B) convince                C) warn                     D) promise

55.   What appeals to me about his painting is the colors he uses.

A) surprises                B) impresses               C) attracts                  D) upsets

56.   A lawyer is legally obliged to defend his client no matter what his client has done.

A) entitled                   B) bound                    C) tied                        D) qualified

57.   She had to overcome her strong desire to smoke while traveling aboard the international flight.

A) give way to            B) give up to              C) fight away              D) fight down

58.   A painting with a poor frame often has a direct and negative impact on the viewers’ opinion of the artwork.

A) result in                  B) effect on                C) expression on         D) image in

59.   Some students are addicted to computer games so that they neglect their studies.

A) are fond of             B) are obsessed with    C) are interested in      D) are engaged in

60.   They had expected the promotion would be a sure success, but it ended up otherwise.

A) turned out              B) turned in                C) turned over            D) turned down

61.   I spent like a king in the first week and consequently had very little left by the end of the vacation.

A) apparently              B) as a result               C) instead                   D) obviously

62.   Pressured by school work and encouraged by their peers, teenagers often resort to smoking and drinking.

       A) depend on              B) go for                    C) seek relief from      D) adapt to

63.   Smoking is frowned upon or even forbidden in many restaurants in this city.

A) banned                   B) fined                      C) disapproved            D) looked down upon

64.   As she stayed in London for three years, she picked up a British accent in her speech.

A) collected                B) gained                    C) acquired                 D) confronted

65.   The Security Section was in charge of establishing measures to prevent such crimes as financial theft.

A) blamed for              B) due to                    C) aware of                D) responsible for


Part IV  Cloze  (10%)

Directions: There are 10 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D) on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.


[66]________ you haven’t noticed, the Haier Group has achieved great success over the past 14 years, [67]________ from a small neighborhood workshop to one of the largest companies in China with [68]________ sales of U.S. $4.8 billion and a profit of 536 million $64 million.

The company’s success, especially within the U.S. market, is really [69]________ surprise. [70]________ late 2000, refrigerators have been rolling out of a brand new $35-million manufacturing facility in Camden, South Carolina — a clear sign that Haier is big enough to create international brands [71]________ can compete in the U.S. market. What’s more, the Camden site, which is currently situated on 110 acres, has plenty of [72]________ to expand.

Haier’s goal is to make the U.S. Top 5. Since the company has already achieved [73]________ position on a worldwide basis, and made much progress [74]________ its successful overseas strategy and widespread promotions — the company could [75]________ get there.

 

66.   A) As             B) In case

       C) Supposed   D) What

 

67.   A) growing     B) grow

       C) grows        D) to grow

 

68.   A) year           B) year’s

       C) a year        D) yearly

 

69.   A) no             B) not

       C) none          D) neither

 

70.   A) From         B) Since

       C) By             D) After

 

71.   A) that           B) so that

       C) so as         D) what

 

72.   A) field           B) chance

       C) house        D) room

 

73.   A) the number fifth

       B) the fifth number

       C) a five number

D) a number five

 

74.   A) from          B) over

       C) through      D) in

 

75.   A) only           B) merely

       C) just            D) hardly

 Part V  Writing  (15%)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a letter in no less than 100 words to a foreign friend (Mary), introducing a Chinese city for her to visit. Pay attention to the following:

1.    Your letter should include Date, Salutation (称呼), Body, Closing and Signature (结束语和署名);

2.    You should introduce a few tourist attractions of the city;

3.    You should persuade your friend to visit the city.

 

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