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英美文学课后练习题   

2009-07-30 00:19:15|  分类: 关于英美文学教学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Chapter One The Anglo-Saxon Period

I. Fill in the blanks.

1.      After the fall of the Roman Empire and athe withdrawl of Roman troops from Albion, the aboriginal __ population of the larger part of the island was soon conquerered and almost totally exterminated by the Teutonic tribes of ____, _____ , and _____ who came from the continent and settled in the island, naming its central part a, or England.

2.      For nearly ______ years prior to the coming of the English, British had been a Roman province. In _____, the Rome withdrew their legions from Britain to protect herself against swarms of Teutonic invaders.

3.      The literature of early period falls naturally into teo divisions,    and ____.  The former represents the poetry which ____the Anglso-Saxons probably brought with them in the form of _____ , the crude material out of which literature was slowly developed on English soil; the later represents the writings developed under the teaching of ______ .

4.      _____can be justly termed England’s national epic and its hero _____---one of the national heros of the English people.

5.      The Song of Beowulf reflects events which took place on the ______ approximately at the beginning of the_____century, when the forefathers of the Jutes lived in the southern part of the _____ and maintained close relations with kindred tribes, e.g. with the ______ who lived on the other side of the straits.

6.      Among the early Anglo-Saxon poets we may mention______ who lived in the latter half of the ______ century and who wrote a poetic Paraphase of the Blible.

7.      ____ is the first known religious poets of England. He is known as the father of English song.

8.      The didactic poem “The Christ” was produced by ________.

II. Choose the best answer for each blank.

1.      The most important work of _______ is the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles, which is regarded as the best monument of the old English prose.

a. Alfred the Great                       b.  Caedmon

c. Cynewulf                            d. Venerable Bede

2. Who is the monster half-huamn who had mingled thirty warriors in The Song of Beowulf?

  a. Hrothgat.                            b. Heorot.

  c. Grendel.                             d. Beowulf.

3. _____ is the first important religious poet in English Literature.

 a. Cynewulf                             b.  Caedmon

 c. Shakepeare.                           d. Adam Bede

4. The epic, The Song of Beowulf, represents the spirit of ______.

 a. monks                        b. romanticists

 c. sentimentalist                  d. pagan

III. Decide whether the following statements are true or false and write your answers in the brackets.

1. (   ) The author of The Song of Beowulf is Cynewulf.

2. (   ) The setting of The Song of Beowulf is in Scotland.

3. (   ) Alfred the Great compiles The Anglo-Saxon Chronicles.

4. (   ) Venerable Bede wrote The Ecclesiastical History of the English People.

5. (   ) The author of Paraphase is Caedmon.

IV. Define the liretary terms listed below.

1.      Alliteration                

2.      Epic.

V. Answer the following questions.

1.      What do you know about the Teutors.

2.      Please give a brief description of The Song of Boewulf.

              

Chapter Two The Anglo-Norman Period

I. Fill in the following blanks.

1.      In the year___, at the battle of ___, the ____ headed by William, Duke of Normandy, defeated the Anglo-Saxons.

2.      The literature which Normans brought to England is remarkable for its bright, ____ tales of _______ and _______, in marked contrast with the ___ and ______ of Anglo-Saxon poetry.

3.      English literature is also a combination of ____and _____ elements.

4.      In the 14th century, the two most important writers are ___ and Chaucer.

5.      In the 15th century, there is only one important prose writer whose name is _____. He wrote an important work called Morte d’ Arthur.

II. Define the leterature terms listed below.

1.      Canto

2.      legend

3.      Arthurian Legend.

III. Read the excerpt of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight carefully, and then make a brief comment on it.

IV. Answer the following questions.

1.      What is the consequence of the Norman Conquest?

2.      Make a brief survey of the middle English literature.

 

Chapter Three Geoffrey Chaucer

I. Fill in the following blanks.

1.      Chaucer’s masterpiece is _____, one of the most famous works in all literature.

2.      Chaucer created in The Canterbury Tales a strikingly brilliant and picturesque panorama of _______.

3.      There are various kinds of ballads _______, ______, ______, _____, and ______.

4.      Bishop ____ was among the first to take a literary interest in ballads.

5.      The name of the “jolly innkeeper” in The Canterbury Tales is ______, who proposes that each pilgrim of the ____ should tell two tales on the way to Canterbury and two more on the way back.

6.      In contradistinction to the ______ verse of Anglo-Saxon poetry, Chaucer chose the metrical form which laid the foundation of the English _____ verse.

II. Choose the best answer.

1.      Who is the “father of English poetry” and one of the greatest narrative poets of England?

a. Christopher Marlow                 b. Geoffrey Chaucer

c. W. Shakespeare                     d. Alfred the Great

2. Chaucer’s earlist work of any length is his “______” a translation of the French “Roman de la Rose” by Gaillaume de Lorris and Jean de Meung, which was a love allegory enjoying widespread popularity in the 13th and 14th centuries not only in France but throught Europe.

a. Troilus and Criseyde                 b. A Red, Red Rose

c. Romance of the Rose                 d. Piers the Plowman

3. In his literary development, Chaucer was influenced by three literatures, which one is not true?

  a. French literature.                    b. Italian literature

  c. English literature                    d. American literature

III. Decide whether the following statements are true or false and write your answers in the brackets.

1. (   ) The 32 pilgrims, according to Chaucer’s plan, was to exceed that of Baccoccio’s Decameron.

2. (   ) The Prologue is a splendid masterpiece of Romantic portray, the first of its kind in the history of English literature.

3. (   ) The Canterbury Tales is a vivid and brilliant reflection of 15th century in England.

4. (   ) Chaucer’s poetry traces out a path to the literature of English Renaissance.

IV. Define the leterary terms listed below.

1.      Romance.

2.      Fable.

3.      Ballad

V. Anwer the following question.

1.      What is the social significance of The Canterbury Tales ?

 

Chapter Four The Renaissance

I. Complete each of the following statements with a proper word or phrase according to the textbook.

1.      Shakespeare’s first priginal play written in about 1590 was _________.

2.      Hamlet, Othello, King Lear, and _______ are generally regarded as Shakespeare’s four great tragedies.

3.      The Tragical History of Doctor Faustus is one of _______’s best known sonnets.

4.      Absolute monarchy in England reached its summit during the reign of ______.

5.      Bacon’s works may be divided into three classes, the ______, the _______, the _______ works.

6.      Together with the development of bourgeois relationships and formation of the English national state this period is marked by a flourishing of national culture known as the _________.

7.      Edmund Spenser was the author of the greatest epic poem of _______.

II. Find out the author and his works.

⑴ The author and their works

1. (    ) Thomas More                  a. Gorge Green

2. (    ) Enmund Spenser                b. Eupheus

3. (    ) John Lyly                      c.The Fairy Queen

4. (    ) Marlowe                       d. Utopia

5. (    ) Robert Greene                   e. The Jew of Malta

⑵ The characters in the play

1. (    ) Desdemona                   a. The Merchant of Venice

2. (    ) Cordelia                      b. As you like it

3. (    ) Juliet                         c.Hamlet

4. (    ) Ophelia                       d. King Lear

5. (    ) Portia                        e. Othello

6. (    ) Rosalind                      f. Romeo and Juliet

III. Define the leterary terms listed below.

1.      Renaissance

2.      sonnet

3.      Spenserian Stanza

4.      Humanism

5.      dramatic irony

6.      tragedy

7.      allusion

IV. Answer the following questions.

1.      Give a summary about the English literature during the Renaissance period.

2.      What is the main idea of Hamlet?

3.      Give a brief introduction to Thomas More’s Utopia.

4.      When were Shakespeare’s main tragedies written? what did he write about in his tragedies?

Chapter Five The Period of Revolution and Restoration

I. Complete each of the following statements with a proper word or phrase according to th etextbook.

1.      The 17th century was a period when ______ impeded the further development of capitalism in England and the ______ could no longer bear the sway of _______.

2.      England became a commomwealth under the leadership of _______.

3.      The Glorious Revolution in _____ meant three things the supremacy of ________, the beginning of _______, and the final truiumph of the principle of _______.

4.      Restoration created a literature of its own, that was often ______ and _______, but on the whole _______ and _______.

5.      The first thing to strike the reader is Donne’s extraordinary _____ and penetrating _______. The next is the ______ which marks certain of the lighter poems and which represents a conscious reation from the extreme _______ of woman encouraged by the Petrachan tradition.

6.      Paradise Lost presents the author’s view in an ______, _______ form. It is based on the _______legend of the imaginary progenitors of the human race-______, and _______, and involves God and his eternal adversary _____in its plot.

7.      Bunyan’s most important work is _________, written in the old-fashioned, medieval form of ________ and _________.

8.      Christia has two objects, ---to get rid of his ______, which holds the sins and fears of his life, and to make his way.

II. Find out the work from column A and its content from column B.

1. (   ) II Penseroso                a. defense of the Revolution

2. (   ) Lycidas                    b. Satan against God

3. (   ) Comas                     c. about dear friend

4. (   ) Areopagitica                d. happiness

5. (   ) Eikonolastes                e. meditation

6. (   ) Defense for the English People  f. masque

7. (   ) Paradise Lost                g. attack on the censorship

8. (   ) L’Allegro                   h. justifying the excution

III. Define the leterature terms listed below.

1.      Blank Verse

2.      Three Unities

3.      Conceit

4.      Stanza

5.      Elegy

6.      Allegory

7.      Genre

8.      Literary Criticism

IV. Answer the following questions.

1.      What are the different aspects between the literature of Elizabeth period and that of the Revolution period?

2.      Give a brief analysis of Satan, the central figure in Paradise Lost.

3.      Why do people say Samson is Milton?

4.      In your opinion, why is “The Pilgrim’s P rogress” successful?

Chapter Six The Age of Enlightenment England

I. Complete each of the following statements with a proper word or phrase according to th etextbook.

1.      The Revolution of 1688, which banished the last of the _____ kings, marks the end of the long struggle for political freedom in England.

2.      Another feature of the age was the rapid development of _________.

3.      It is simply for convenience that we study 18th century writings in three main divisions: the reign of so-called _____, the revival of _______ poetry, and the beginnings of the _______.

4.      The philosophy of the nlighteners, though ________ ________ and _________ in its essence, did not exclude senses, or sentiments, as a means of perception and learning.

5.      The most outstanding figure of English sentimentalism was ________.

6.      The Tarler and _______ _________ were Steele and Addison’s chief contribution to English literature.

7.      Robinson Crusoe is largely an ______ ________ ________ story, rather than the study of ______ _______ which Defoe probably intended it to be.

8.      Gulliver’s adventures begins with ______________, who are so small that Gulliver is a giant among them.

9.      The poem, which Addison named ______ _______, was hailed throughout England as a great work.

10.  In the essays of the 16th century, French writer ____ set the model for more familiar, personal and discursive discussion.

11.  Fielding’s laternovels are _______________, was inspired by the success of Richardson’s novel Pamela.

12.  As________, Goldsmith is among the best of the century.

13.   The greatest of _______ poets is Robert Burns.

II. Match the theirs works in column A writers/genres with in column B.

1. (   ) The Deserted Village                a. Thomas Gary

2. (   ) The Village                        b. George Crabble

3. (   ) Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard  c. Oliver Goldsmith

4. (   ) The Seasons                        d. James Thomson

5. (   ) The Rape of the Lock                 e. William Blake

6. (   ) The Chimney Sweeper                f. Alexander Pope

7. (   ) A Red, Red Rose                     g. Robert Burns

1. (   )A Sentimental Journey                      a. Daniel Defoe

2. (   ) The Vicar of Wakefield                 b. Jonathan Swift

3. (   ) The School for Scandal                 c.John Bunyan

4. (   ) The History of a Young Lady             d. Horace Walpole

5. (   ) Tom Jones                            e. Laurence Sterne

6. (   ) The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle        f. Oliver Goldsmith

7. (   ) Robinson Crusoe                   g. Richard B. Sheridam

8. (   ) Gulliver’s Travels                    h. Samuel Richardson

9. (   ) The Castle of Otranto                 i. T. G. Smollet

10.(   ) The Pilgrim’s Progress                j. Fielding.

1. (    ) The Vicar of Wakefield                  a. essay   

2. (    ) She Stoops to Conquer                   b. poem

3. (    ) The Citizen of the world                  c. novel

4. (    ) The Deserted Village                     d. comedy

III. Define the leterature terms listed below.

1.      Enlightenment Movement

2.      Realistic Novel

3.      Gothic novel

4.      Heroic Couplet

5.      Mock Epic

6.      Bildungsroman

7.      Epitaph

8.      Farce

9.      Imagism

10.  Rhyme

IV. Answer the following questions.

1.      What is Pope’s position in English literature?

2.      What are the features of Sterne’s novels?

3.      What are the narrative festures of Gulliver’s Travel?

4.      What is Dr. Johnson’s comment on Addison’s prose?

5.      What is Fielding’s style?

6.      Why is Burn’s poetry important?

 

Chapter Seven The Romantic Period

I. Fill in the following blanks.

1.      With the publication of William Wordworth’s _____ in Collaboration with S. T. Coleridge, ________ began to bloom and found a firm place in the history of English literature.

2.      The most important and decisive factor in the develoment of literature is _____, English Romanticism was greatly influenced by the _______ and _______.

3.      The greatest historical novelist _____ was produced in the Romantic Age.

4.      Byron is chiefly known for his two long poems, one is Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage, the other is ________.

5.      Shelley’s poem _______ (1816), is vaguely autobiographical acount of a young poet’s unsuccessful attempt to recapture his envisional ideal.

6.      Ode to a Nightingale was written by _______.

II. Decide whether the following statements are true or false.

1. The Romantics emphasized the special qualities of each individual’s 

  mind.

2.      The brilliant literary criticiam Biographis literaria is written by Samuel Johnson.

III. Write the author of the following literary works.

1. Song of Innocence                    2. The Prelude

3. Kubla Khan                         4. Don Juan

5. Prometheus Unbound                  6. Ode to the West Wind

7. Ode on a Greciam Urn                 8. Pride and Prejudice

9. Poor Relations

IV. Match the authors in column A with the works in column B.

1. Dante                 a. I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud

2.Byron                  b. Ode to a Nightingale

3. Wordsworth             c. Gain

4. Keats                  d. Prometheus Unbound

5. Shelley                 e. Divine Comedy

V. Define the following terms.

1.      Romanticism

2.      Lake poets

VI. Answer the following questions.

1.      How does Wordsworth define the poet?

2.      What kinds of stylistic devices are used in Ode to the West Wind?

3.      Comment on Austen’s writing festures.

 

Chapter Eight The Victorian Age

I. Fill in the following blanks.

1.      Victorian literature, as a product of its age, naturally took on its quality of _____ and _______. It was many-sicked and complex, and reflected both _____ and ______ the great changes that were going on in people’s life and thought.

2.      The novel _____ makes a fierce attack on the bourgeoise system of education and the bourgeois philosophy _______.

3.      George Eliot produced three remarkbale novels including Adam Bede, The Mill on the Floss and __________________.

4.      ________ by Tenneyson is made of 12 books of narrative poems.

5.      In Victorian poetry, the “Browning” refers to _________ and _______.

II. Define the literary terms.

1.      Critical realism.

III. Find the relevant match from column B for each item in column A.

⑴   A                                   B

1. Transcendentalism                    a . Stephen Crane

2. Neoclassicism                        b. Robert Louis Stevenson

3. Preromanticism                       c. Percy Bysse Shelley

4. Sentimentalism                        d. Henry Fielding

5. Realism                              e. William Blake

6. Romanticism                          f. Alezander Pope

7. Criticial realism                        g. Rolph Waldo Emerson

8. New romanticism                       h. Ezra Pound

9. Naturalism                             i. Charles Dickens

10. Imagism                              j. Lawrence Sterne

1. Charles Dickens                         a. Mary Barton

2. William Makepeace Thackeray             b. Jane Eyre

3. Charlotte Bronte                         c. Vanity Fair

4. Emily Bronte                            d. David Copperfield

5. Mrs. Gaskell                            e. Wuthering Heights

6. George Eliot                            f. The Mill on the Floss

7. Thomas Hardy                          g. The Egoist

8. George Meredith                     h. Tess of the D’Urbervilles

9. Samuel Butler                        i. News From Nowhere

10. William Morris                      j. The Way of All Flush

IV. Answer the following questions.

1.      What is the majoe contribution made by critical realists in the 19th century.

2.      Give a brief analysis of the features of Dickens’ works.

 

Chapter Nine  20TH Century Literature

I. Fill in the following blanks.

1.      Those “novels of character and enviorement” by Thomas Hardy are the most representative of him as both a _______ and a critical realist writer.

2.      The trilogy “The Forsyte Saga” consists of The Man of Property, In Chancery and _________.

3.      Lawrence first novel, _________________, was received with respect.

4.      Virginia Woolf’s novel ________________, published in 1925, made her reputation as an important psychological writer.

5.      _________is the m ost outstanding stream of consciousness novelist.

II. Define the literary terms.

1.      Imagism

2.      Modernism

III. Find the relevant match from column B for each item in column A.

1. James Joyce                   a. Neo-classicism

2. Ezra Pound                    b. An active romantic

3. William Wordsworth             c. Humanism

4. Oscar Wilde                    d. Transcendantalism

5. Walter Scott                    e. A radical enlightenner

6. Alezander Pope                 f. Imagism

7. Johanthan Swift                 g. Aestheticism

8. Percy Bysshe Shelley             h. A lake Poet

9. William Shakespeare             i. Stream of consciousness

10. Henry, David Thoreau           j. A historical novelist

IV. Give a brief comment on the characteristic of Hardy’s novels.

 

                                          

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